‘MODI’FIED INDIA :- How MODI has changed India
As per Election Commission figures, BJP has come out with flying colours in 2014 Lok Sabha elections winning 282 seats on its own, while it got nearly 17.16 crore votes accounting for 31 per cent vote share. The Indian National Congress, which has been left with just 44 seats, has managed to get 10.7 crore votes or about 19.3 per cent share.
Currently, there are 1,687 registered political parties in the country. Over 1,650 political parties including big names like BSP, DMK and National Conference drew a blank in the Lok Sabha elections that saw BJP storming to power at the Centre with a landslide victory.
Out of more than 8,200 candidates, who were in the fray, as many as 5,007 candidates were fielded by various parties and remaining were independents. Out of these, over 540 candidates so far have secured a place in the Lower House riding on tickets from 35 different political parties, while three contestants have won as independents.
The 2014 Lok Sabha election results have taken a lot of parties and trend-watchers by surprise with many prominent names among them failing to open their accounts.
Among the parties who scored a zero include — Bahujan Samajwadi Party (BSP), Dravida Munnettra Kazhagam (DMK), National Conference (NC), and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS). Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD)and Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) also failed to open their respective accounts in the hustings.
The vote share for Congress slumped below 20% for the first time in the history of the country’s Lok Sabha elections triggering an unprecedented debacle while it crossed 30% for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to record a new high.
A 9% decline in the Congress’ vote share to 19.3% in the just concluded elections for the 16th Lok Sabha from its showing in the 2009 polls saw the party lose 162 seats to get only 44, according to an analysis of results for the 16th Lok Sabha elections.
For the BJP which scored a simple majority on its own with 282 seats, the vote share was 31%, 12% more than the previous polls which helped it get an extra 166 seats in an emphatic victory on the back of Narendra Modi wave.
The Congress also had the ignominy of not bagging even one seat in 10 states. They were Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Delhi, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Odisha, Jammu and Kashmir and Jharkand.
The election results also saw prominent regional parties like Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and Jammu and Kashmir National Conference(NC) completely wiped out. BSP, DMK and NC had 21 seats, 18 seats and 4 seats respectively in the 15th Lok Sabha.
Rashtriya Lok Dal, All India Forward Bloc, Asom Gana Parishad, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi, Bodoland People’s Front, Haryana Janhit Congress, Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) and Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi also failed to open their account.
The Left Front had got 15 seats, with the CPI-M securing nine and other partners – the Communist Party of India, the Revolutionary Socialist Party, and the Forward Bloc – the remaining. For the Left, the 2014 General Elections witnessed its worst show in the state after Independence, and for the Left Front, the most pathetic performance since its formation in 1977. Not only did its vote share drop to 29.3 percent from 43.3 percent in 2009, but it even finished third in half a dozen seats.
There were also new entrants to 16th Lok Sabha like Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)-4, Apna Dal-2 and All India N R Congress-1.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), which had nine MPs in the outgoing Lok Sabha, could increase its tally to an impressive 37 this time. Similarly, Trinamool Congress (TMC) and Biju Janata Dal (BJD), which had 19 and 14 MPs respectively, have increased their numbers to 34 and 20, respectively.
Shiv Sena, which is a constituent of BJP-led NDA, had won 11 seats and in 2014 elections the number has gone up to 18. Telugu Desam Party (TDP) had six seats in 15th Lok Sabha and their number rose to 16 in this year’s tally.
The analysis also showed that BSP got more vote share (4.1%) than AIADMK (3.3%) and Trinamool Congress (3.8%) but failed to get even one seat.
But AIADMK and TMC with reduced vote share trounced their rivals in Tamil Nadu and West Bengal respectively getting 37 and 34 seats respectively.