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Scientists develop ‘green’ crackers 

New Delhi: 

So while the NCR continues to reel under severe air pollution which is threatening to worsen before Diwali and officials struggle to find ways to implement the Supreme Court’s order on a restricted time window for bursting crackers, the good news is scientists have developed “green firecrackers”.

Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan on Monday announced the arrival of this new set of crackers developed by scientists at  the Central Electrochemical Research Institute and the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute. These will be less polluting and will protect livelihoods of thousands employed in the over Rs 6,000-crore fireworks industry.

However, there green firecrackers will not be available this Diwali. The technology is there and it is natural that manufacturers will start making the use of it, soon, the minister said.  “We are working on them. We will let you know when they are ready for the market”, he said. So what exactly are these “green” crackers?

“Green” crackers are named thus, not because they do not pollute at all but because of lesser harmful emission and sounds. Field trials have shown a decrease in emission of particulate matter, smoke, noise and toxic gases, he said.

During the field trials at Sivakasi—the firecracker industry hub— different compositions were tested for developing modified chemical formulations of the popular firecracker flower pot, “jil jil” and “atom bombs”. The work is also in progress on electronic-crackers.  These “green” crackers have been demonstrated to the manufacturers and their reaction has been positive, he said.

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